"Topography of Terror" center is one of the most frequently visited places of remembrance in Berlin. During the "Third Reich" the headquarters of the Secret State Police, the SS and the Reich Security Main Office were located at the site.
Between 1933 and 1945, the central institutions of Nazi persecution and terror – the Secret State Police Office with its own “house prison,” the leadership of the SS and, during the Second World War, the Reich Security Main Office – were located on the present-day grounds of the “Topography of Terror” that are next to the Martin Gropius Building and close to Potsdamer Platz. In 15 stations on the "Topography of Terror" site, the circular tour documents the visible and buried traces of the terrain’s use in the twentieth century. The accompanying publication supplements the tour with eyewitness accounts and essays on the history of the site.
The Topography of Terror Foundation grew out of a temporary exhibition project created in 1987 for the celebration of Berlin’s 750th anniversary. The foundation’s establishment and the political decision to erect a documentation center were the result of an exchange of ideas that continued for many years during which the ongoing commitment of social groups and individuals played an important role.
The purpose of the Topography of Terror Foundation is to relay historical information about National Socialism and its crimes and to encourage people to actively confront this history and its aftermath since 1945.